Delhi district is one of the nine districts of NCT of Delhi
which came into existence from January 1997 when Delhi was
divided into Nine revenue Districts. Prior to that, there
used to be only one district for whole of Delhi with district
head quarter at Tis-Hazari. South District having its district
head quarter at M.B. Road, Saket, has great historical, social,
economical & cultural importance. It is surrounded by
the states of UP and Haryana. On its southern side lie the
Gurgaon & Faridabad districts of Haryana and on south
eastern side is located the Gautam Budh Nagar district of
UP. South district on its eastern side is flanked by East
District of Delhi while on northern & western side lies
New Delhi & South West districts respectively.
South district is predominantly urban but also has a sizeable
rural area. There are 25 villages in the district with all
characteristics of rural India. Area wise, South District
is the third largest District of Delhi spread over 249 Sq.
Km & covering 16.7% of the total area of NCT of Delhi.
Total population of the district is 22,62,375 out of which
12,57,180 are male & 10,05,185 females 8.11% of the total
population lives in rural areas.The general topography of
the district is plain. However some part of the District represents
the ridge characteristics of the old Arawali hills. Large
part of vacant gaon sabha land of district South has been
declared as Southern ridge area to be devolped as reserve
forest which will slowly become one of the crucial factors
influencing the local environment and improving quality of
life all over NCR.
Historically, South Delhi was seat of Power from the very
beginning as evident by the Tugalkabad fort made by the Tuglaks
till the time old fort was constructed by Mughals. The world
famous Qutub Minar and the iron pillar, Balban's tomb, Humayun's
tomb, Khilji tomb are in this district. Places of religious
impotance are Dargah Hazrat Nizamuddin, Kalkaji temple, Dadabadi
Jain temple, Lotus temple of Bahai seat, Chattarpur temple,
Hare Rama Hare Krishna temple better known as Iskun temple,
Sai Baba temple etc.
An annual Cultural Social event "Phool Walon Ki Sair"
is organized in the month of October in Mehrauli which is
of great significance as it's a symbol of communal harmony.
For social events, famous Siri Fort Auditorium, India habitat
center and India International center are also part of the
district. Apart from the colleges of Delhi University, South
Delhi also is the Head Quarter of Indira Gandhi Open University,
Jamia Milia Islamia, Jamia Humdard universities and Indian
Institiute of Technology, Delhi.